Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease is any medical condition effecting the heart or the blood vessels that supply the heart leading to reduced cardiac function. Heart disease is a major public health concern as it is the leading cause of death across the United States. Within Wood County, the age adjusted death rate is 214.3 compared to that of Ohio’s 191.7, indicating the importance of taking preventative measures to reduce your risk of developing heart disease related medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol
High blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, and diabetes are all heart disease risk factors that can be modified or treated2 .
Shows that Wood County Adults highest risk factor of heart disease is high blood pressure at 31% based on the 2012 Community Health Assessment2 .
Wood County Health District continues to expand public health efforts including community outreach such as media campaigns, presentations, and education related to heart disease.
Obesity is a major public health concern for Ohio’s youth, with 13% identified as obese according to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). However, it is not just a state level issue, Wood County is very much itself part of this epidemic. According to the 2012 Wood County Health Assessment, 16% of Wood County’s youth were identified as obese. Another 10% were identified as overweight compared to the 8% at the state level.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a group of illnesses that are acquired through engaging in sexual activity with an infected person. According to the 2012 Wood County Community Health Assessment, 69% of Wood County adults have had sexual intercourse. The same assessment found that of the county’s youth, 32% have had sexual intercourse. It is important to understand the types of diseases someone can be exposed to when they engage in sexual activity. The graphs below show the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea among Wood County residents from 2009 to 2013.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), youth ages 15 to 24 make up about 25% of the sexually active population, however they account for half of the STDs reported in the U.S. In Wood County, 32% of youth have had sexual intercourse, this number increases to 62% for those 17 and older