Health Profiles

Community Health Assessment

The Wood County Community Health Assessment is a data-driven look at the health of adults, youth and children who live in Wood County. It compares new data to information from previous assessments and the state and country as a whole to give us a snapshot of the health of our community. This report is a crucial step in raising awareness of key health issues we are facing while informing our path to building a healthier community. The Community Health Assessment will serve as the basis for the Community Health Improvement Plan, which defines our priorities and outlines actions we will take over the next three years to improve the health of people in our county. Improving the health of people in our community is a responsibility that is shared across a wide variety of organizations. Wood County Health Partners is seeking to include as many stakeholders as possible in sharing the results of the Community Health Assessment, to position us to develop a Community Health Improvement Plan that truly reflects the diverse needs of our community. By working together to address the needs of our community, we can have a powerful impact. It is our hope that the information in this report will be enlightening not only for the general public but also those organizations that will use the data to inform their work, write grant requests, form strategic plans, and motivate communities to become champions for positive change.

 

Here is the link to the 2018 Wood County Community Health Assessment: 

 

The 2021 Wood County Community Health Assessment will be posted soon. 

Substance Use Information

Smoking directly cause/contributes to:
– Cancer, heart disease & strokes
– Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD)

Smoking increases the risk for:
– Tuberculosis & immune system dysfunction
– Decreased fertility

Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of:
– Pre-term birth
– Low birth rate
– Miscarriage
– Birth defects

Secondhand smoke harms your child’s lungs.

Infants are 3X more likely to die from sudden infant death syndrome.

Alcohol abuse can lead to: 

-Liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis)
-Cancer (mouth, throat, liver, breast, etc.)
-High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke
-Acute alcohol poisoning & possible death
-Driving under the influence (DUI)
-Everyday, about 28 people die in drunk
driving crashes
-Increased risk taking
-Increased risk of violence
-Greater risk of sexually transmitted infections
-Greater risk of unintended pregnancy

Alcohol and Pregnancy Increased risk of:
-Premature birth
-Miscarriage & stillbirth
-Fetal Alcohol Syndrome spectrum disorders
-Most common preventable cause of intellectual disability

There is no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy!

Prevention

Abstinence
Avoid temptation & peer pressure
Utilize healthy coping strategies

Actions Taken

Wood County Health District continues to expand public health efforts including:

Patient education
Wellness counseling
Smoking/alcohol cessation
counseling
Support groups
Medication Assisted Treatment

Data Sources:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – National Center for Chronic Disease
Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. BRFSS Prevalence & Trends Data. (2015). https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence/.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention – National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP). (2021, November 23). Chronic disease risk factors – excessive alcohol use. https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/factsheets/alcohol.htm

Lee, K., Cascella, M., & Marwaha, R. (2021, Aug 11). Intellectual disability. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547654/

United States Department of Transportation – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2021). Drunk driving – overview. https://www.nhtsa.gov/riskydriving/
drunk-driving#nhtsa-in-action

Wood County Health Department. (2021). 2021 Wood County health assessment.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a group of illnesses that are acquired through engaging in sexual activity with an infected person. According to the 2012 Wood County Community Health Assessment, 69% of Wood County adults have had sexual intercourse. The same assessment found that of the county’s youth, 32% have had sexual intercourse. It is important to understand the types of diseases someone can be exposed to when they engage in sexual activity. The graphs below show the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea among Wood County residents from 2009 to 2013.

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Bacterial Vaginosis
  • Chlamydia
  • Chancroid
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis
  • Herpes
  • HIV/AIDS
  • HPV
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Pubic Lice

Wood County Fast Facts

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), youth ages 15 to 24 make up about 25% of the sexually active population, however they account for half of the STDs reported in the U.S. In Wood County, 32% of youth have had sexual intercourse, this number increases to 62% for those 17 and older

76% of adults had sexual intercourse in the past year

33% of adults had sex without a condom in the past year

4% of adults had sex with a new contact in the past year

5% of adults were tested for an STD in the past year

<1% of adults had more than one partner in the past year

Prevention

  • Abstinence
  • Vaccination
  • Mutual monogamy
  • Reduced number of sexual partners
  • Condoms

Actions Taken

  • Patient Education
  • Free STD Screenings
  • Vaccinations
  • Free Condoms, AKA “Brown Bag Special”

Data Sources:

Centers for Disease Control. (2017, September). Sexually transmitted disease
surveillance 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats16/CDC_2016_STDS_Reportfor508WebSep21_2017_1644.pdf

Centers for Disease Control. (2018, September). Sexually transmitted disease
surveillance 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats17/2017-STD-SurveillanceReport_CDC-clearance-9.10.18.pdf

Centers for Disease Control. (2019, October). Sexually transmitted disease
surveillance 2018. https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats18/STDSurveillance2018-fullreport.pdf

Centers for Disease Control. (2021, April 13). National overview – sexually
transmitted disease surveillance, 2019.
https://www.cdc.gov/std/statistics/2019/overview.htm#:~:text=In%202019%2C%2
0a%20total%20of%20616%2C392%20cases%20of%20gonorrhea%20were,the%
20historic%20low%20in%202009.

Centers for Disease Control. (2021, July 21). Gonorrhea – CDC fact sheet (detailed
version). https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrheadetailed.htm#ref16
 

Centers for Disease Control. (2022, January 20). Chlamydia – CDC fact sheet.
https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm

Wood County Health Department. (2021). 2021 Wood County community health
assessment.
Wood County Health District. (2015, April 4). Sexually transmitted diseases – a
local profile. https://woodcountyhealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/
STIProfile_Final_2015.pdf