Health Profiles

Heart Disease

A Local Profile Wood County

Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease is any medical condition effecting the heart or the blood vessels that supply the heart leading to reduced cardiac function. Heart disease is a major public health concern as it is the leading cause of death across the United States. Within Wood County, the age adjusted death rate is 214.3 compared to that of Ohio’s 191.7, indicating the importance of taking preventative measures to reduce your risk of developing heart disease related medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Wood County adults diagnosed with high blood pressure are more likely to be 65 years and older (75%). They also tend to be obese (47%) and male (36%)2 .

Wood County has seen a decrease in high blood pressure from 2008 to 2012, however it still remains higher than the nations .

Wood County adults diagnosed with high cholesterol are more likely to be 65 years and older (54%). They also tend to be obese and male (34%)2 .

High cholesterol in Wood County has remained that same from 2008 to 2012.

High blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, and diabetes are all heart disease risk factors that can be modified or treated2 .

Shows that Wood County Adults highest risk factor of heart disease is high blood pressure at 31% based on the 2012 Community Health Assessment2 .

The risk factors above (Figure 3.) not only increase your risk for developing heart disease, but also increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Shows that Wood County’s age-adjusted heart disease and stroke mortality rates are higher than the state’s1 .

Prevention

  • Avoid tobacco
  • Become more active
  • Choose good nutrition3

Actions Taken

Wood County Health District continues to expand public health efforts including community outreach such as media campaigns, presentations, and education related to heart disease.

Data Sources:

  1. Death Data and Statistics. (2014). Ohio Department of Health, Center for Public Health Statistics and Information.
  2. Wood County Health Assessment. (2012). Information is reported for Wood County adults.
  3. American Heart Association. ( 2012). Lifestyle Changes for Heart Attack Prevention.

Youth & Obesity

A Local Profile Wood County

Obesity is a major public health concern for Ohio’s youth, with 13% identified as obese according to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). However, it is not just a state level issue, Wood County is very much itself part of this epidemic. According to the 2012 Wood County Health Assessment, 16% of Wood County’s youth were identified as obese. Another 10% were identified as overweight compared to the 8% at the state level.

Obesity among Wood County’s youth has remained the same from
2008 to 2012, and are above the state and national averages

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Asthma
  • Certain cancers
  • Joint problems
  • Social and psychological problems

Factors Leading to Obesity in Wood County

Physical Activity:

  • 10% of youth did not participate in at least 60 minutes of physical activity on any day in the past week.
  • 49% of youth are physically active at least 60 minutes per day on less than 5 days in the past week.
  • 44% of youth watched TV 3 or more hours per day.

 

Nutrition:

  • 82% of youth ate 1 to 4 servings of fruit and vegetables per day, while 17% ate 5 or more servings per day.
  • 98% of youth reported eating dinner, 95% lunch and 72% breakfast.
  • 75% of meals were eaten at home, 3% fast food restaurant, 2% school, and < 1% convenience store.

Prevention

  • At least 60 minutes of physical activity daily.
    • Moderate to vigorous intensity aerobic
      physical activity 3 days per week.
    • Muscle-strengthening 3 days per week.
    • Bone-strengthening 3 days per week.

Actions Taken

  • Established the Wood County Obesity Task Force in April of 2014.
  • Acquired funding and implanted Veggie U in July of 2013.
  • Acquired funding for Ohio Healthy Programs Project in July of 2014.

Data Sources:

  1. 2012, Wood County Health Assessment. Information is reported for those in grades 9th-12th.
  2. 2008, Wood County Health Assessment. Information is reported for those in grades 9th-12th.
  3. 2014-2016, Wood County Community Health Improvement Plan
  4. 2013, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Youth Risk Behavior Assessment (YRBS). Information is reported for those in grades 9th-12th.
  5. 2011, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Youth Risk Behavior Assessment (YRBS). Information is reported for those in grades 9th-12th.
  6. 2013, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Youth Physical Activity Guidelines Toolkit. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalactivity/
    guidelines.htm
  7. 2014, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Childhood Obesity Facts. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/obesity/facts.htm
  8. Choose My Plate.gov, My plate Graphic Resource. http://www.choosemyplate.gov/print-materials-ordering/graphic-resources.html

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A Local Profile Wood County

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a group of illnesses that are acquired through engaging in sexual activity with an infected person. According to the 2012 Wood County Community Health Assessment, 69% of Wood County adults have had sexual intercourse. The same assessment found that of the county’s youth, 32% have had sexual intercourse. It is important to understand the types of diseases someone can be exposed to when they engage in sexual activity. The graphs below show the rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea among Wood County residents from 2009 to 2013.

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

Over the years both the U.S. and Ohio has seen a rise in chlamydia rates.
Wood County has also seen a similar trend.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Bacterial Vaginosis
  • Chlamydia
  • Chancroid
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis
  • Herpes
  • HIV/AIDS
  • HPV
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Pubic Lice

Wood County Fast Facts

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), youth ages 15 to 24 make up about 25% of the sexually active population, however they account for half of the STDs reported in the U.S. In Wood County, 32% of youth have had sexual intercourse, this number increases to 62% for those 17 and older

55% of sexually active youth have had multiple partners.

10% have had 4 or more partners.

22% are sexually active by age 13.

1% of sexaully active youth have had a STD.

18% of sexually active youth report having consumed alcohol or 18% drugs before their last sexual encounter.

Prevention

  • Abstinence
  • Vaccination
  • Mutual monogamy
  • Reduced number of sexual partners
  • Condoms

Actions Taken

  • Patient Education
  • Free STD Screenings
  • Vaccinations
  • Free Condoms, AKA “Brown Bag Special”

Data Sources:

  1. Wood County Health Assessment. (2012). Information is reported for Wood County adults and youth.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Adolescents and Young Adults.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Prevention.