Infectious Disease

Disease investigation and prevention of outbreaks are among the highest priorities of Wood County Health Department due to the fact it is an important part of protecting the public’s health. Our goal is to prevent and reduce transmission of all infectious disease through a system of surveillance, control and education. Certain communicable diseases are required by law to be reported to the local health department. Our epidemiologists contacts the health-care provider, patient and/or family to determine how the disease was contracted and to teach how to prevent further spread of the disease.

What is a communicable disease?

An infectious or communicable disease is an illness spread by coming in contact with an infected someone or something. Bacteria, viruses and parasites cause infectious diseases. These illnesses can be passed from person or animal to person through direct contact with body fluids, ingesting contaminated food or water, breathing contaminated air, or by the bite of an infected animal.

What diseases must be reported?

The list of reportable diseases in Ohio is located here.

Who must report infectious diseases?

  • Health-care providers (physicians, hospitals, infection control professionals)
  • Laboratories